Abies concolor

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Abies concolor (Gordon) Lindl. ex Hildebr.

Pinaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Coniferous leaves: cushion-like base

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: cone

V

40C / e7422b 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: broadly columnar

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Pinophyta
Subdivisio:
Pinophytina
Classis:
Pinopsida
Subclassis:
Pinidae
Ordo:
Pinales

Abies concolor is a tree.

Naming

Abies concolor was already described and the name validly published by George Gordon. It was Friedrich Hermann Gustav Hildebrand, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1861 based on a prior description by John Lindley.

Taxonomy

Abies concolor is a species in the genus Abies which contains approximately 84 to 93 species and belongs to the family of the Pinaceae (Pine Family). The type species of the genus is Abies alba.

Characteristics

Abies concolor - habitus
Abies concolor - branches
Abies concolor - needles

Growth

The trees are comparatively slow-growing and long-lived. They have a broadly columnar canopy and reach heights of 25 to 40 metres. The plants reach a width of 7 to 10 metres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is smooth and grey.

Leaves

Abies concolor is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are deltoid with entire margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Abies concolor produces salmon-red flowers in May. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through the wind.

The trees produce brown cones in summer.

Root System

The plants form deep-reaching roots.

Distribution

Abies concolor is native to the Southwest of the US, Oregon, California, the Rocky Mountains and Mexico.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Abies concolor lies especially in its fragrance. Suited as cemetery plant, specimen plant and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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