Abies koreana

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Abies koreana E.H.Wilson

Pinaceae

Life form: tree

Exposure: sun   5

Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: clay - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Coniferous leaves: cushion-like base

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: cone

V

 

Inflorescence: cluster

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: narrowly conical (flame shaped)

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Pinophyta
Subdivisio:
Pinophytina
Classis:
Pinopsida
Subclassis:
Pinidae
Ordo:
Pinales

Abies koreana is an ornamental and undemanding tree.

Naming

Abies koreana was described by Ernest Henry Wilson in 1920. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Abies koreana is a species in the genus Abies which contains approximately 84 to 93 species and belongs to the family of the Pinaceae (Pine Family). The type species of the genus is Abies alba.

Characteristics

Abies koreana - male flowers
Abies koreana - female flowers
oddity: hermaphroditic flower
closed male flowers
Abies koreana - female flowers
Abies koreana - young cones
A. koreana 'Brevifolia' - old cones

Growth

The comparatively slow-growing trees reach heights of 8 to 10 metres and a width of 3 to 4 metres. Specimens grown from seedlings have a regular flame-shaped canopy while grafted specimens often show variable and irregular forms. The almost horizontal branches grow in tiers, the twigs are compact.

Wood and Bark

The bark is longitudinally fissured and grey.

Leaves

Abies koreana is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are deltoid with entire margins. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.

Flowers and Fruits

Abies koreana produces flowers that are arranged in cluster in May. The plants are monoecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through the wind.

The trees produce ornamental purple cones from autumn to winter.

Root System

The plants form shallow roots.

Distribution

Abies koreana is native to Korea.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay soil with a pH between 4 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber:

  • open areas

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • high: city climate

Uses

Suited for rooftop gardens and for windbreaks and soil protection, as well as suited as cemetery plant, container plant, specimen plant and as bee pasture. From a commercial point of view the trees are exclusive christmas trees with a nice unobtrusive smell.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Smaller cultivars and dwarf forms are especially suited for rooftop gardens, containers and for cemeteries:

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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