Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.
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Abies fraseri is a tree.
Abies fraseri was already described and the name validly published by Frederick Traugott Pursh. It was Jean Louis Marie Poiret, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1817.
The trees reach heights of 6 to 17 metres. The plants reach a width of 7 to 10 metres.
Wood and Bark
The bark is smooth and brown.
Abies fraseri is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.
Flowers and Fruits
Abies fraseri produces purple flowers from April to May. The plants are dioecious.
The trees produce ornamental brown cones in spring.
Abies fraseri is native to Virginia, West Virginia, Tennessee and North Carolina.
The trees prefer a shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5).
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- medium: calcareous soil
The ornamental value of Abies fraseri lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for windbreaks and soil protection and for hedges, as well as suited as specimen plant.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.