Abies fraseri

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Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.

Pinaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: shade   5

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Coniferous leaves: cushion-like base

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: cone

82C / 7b4c9a 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: cushion- or mound-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Pinophyta
Subdivisio:
Pinophytina
Classis:
Pinopsida
Subclassis:
Pinidae
Ordo:
Pinales

Abies fraseri is a tree.

Naming

Abies fraseri was already described and the name validly published by Frederick Traugott Pursh. It was Jean Louis Marie Poiret, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1817.

Taxonomy

Abies fraseri is a species in the genus Abies which contains approximately 84 to 93 species and belongs to the family of the Pinaceae (Pine Family). The type species of the genus is Abies alba.

Characteristics

Growth

The trees reach heights of 6 to 17 metres. The plants reach a width of 7 to 10 metres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is smooth and brown.

Leaves

Abies fraseri is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.

Flowers and Fruits

Abies fraseri produces purple flowers from April to May. The plants are dioecious.

The trees produce ornamental brown cones in spring.

Root System

Distribution

Abies fraseri is native to Virginia, West Virginia, Tennessee and North Carolina.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Abies fraseri lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for windbreaks and soil protection and for hedges, as well as suited as specimen plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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