Abies balsamea

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Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.

Pinaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   2

Moisture: moist

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Coniferous leaves: cushion-like base

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: cone

8A / ffd534 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: broadly columnar

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Pinophyta
Subdivisio:
Pinophytina
Classis:
Pinopsida
Subclassis:
Pinidae
Ordo:
Pinales

Abies balsamea is a tree.

Naming

Abies balsamea was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Philip Miller, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1768.

Taxonomy

Abies balsamea is a species in the genus Abies which contains approximately 84 to 93 species and belongs to the family of the Pinaceae (Pine Family). The type species of the genus is Abies alba.

Characteristics

Growth

The trees have a broadly columnar canopy and reach heights of 12 to 15 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Abies balsamea is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear.

Flowers and Fruits

Abies balsamea produces yellow flowers from May to June. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through the wind.

The trees carry purple cones.

Root System

Distribution

Abies balsamea is native to Canada, the Northeast of the US and the central Northeast of the US.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -45°C (USDA zone 2).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Abies balsamea lies especially in its fragrance.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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