Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.
Abies balsamea is a tree.
Abies balsamea was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Philip Miller, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1768.
The trees have a broadly columnar canopy and reach heights of 12 to 15 metres.
Wood and Bark
Abies balsamea is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear.
Flowers and Fruits
Abies balsamea produces yellow flowers from May to June. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through the wind.
The trees carry purple cones.
Abies balsamea is native to Canada, the Northeast of the US and the central Northeast of the US.
The trees prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -45Â°C (USDA zone 2).
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- medium: calcareous soil
The ornamental value of Abies balsamea lies especially in its fragrance.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.