Abies amabilis

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Abies amabilis Douglas ex J.Forbes

Pinaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: shade   6

Moisture: moist

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: clay - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Coniferous leaves: cushion-like base

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: cone

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: broadly columnar

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Pinophyta
Subdivisio:
Pinophytina
Classis:
Pinopsida
Subclassis:
Pinidae
Ordo:
Pinales

Abies amabilis, commonly known as Pacific silver fir, red silver fir, is a tree.

Naming

Abies amabilis was already described and the name validly published by David Douglas. It was James Forbes, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1839 based on a prior description by David Douglas.

Taxonomy

Abies amabilis is a species in the genus Abies which contains approximately 84 to 93 species and belongs to the family of the Pinaceae (Pine Family). The type species of the genus is Abies alba.

Characteristics

Abies amabilis - flowers
Abies amabilis - branches
Abies amabilis - needles

Growth

The trees are comparatively slow-growing and long-lived. They have a broadly columnar canopy and reach heights of 6 to 50 metres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is smooth and white.

Leaves

Abies amabilis is evergreen. The mid-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.

Flowers and Fruits

Abies amabilis produces yellow flowers from May to June.

The trees produce brown cones in summer.

Root System

The plants form tap roots.

Distribution

Abies amabilis is native to Southeast Alaska, British Columbia, Washington and North California.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: calcareous soil

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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