Abies alba

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Abies alba Mill.

Pinaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   4

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Coniferous leaves: cushion-like base

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: cone

149C / add664 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: single
Habit: erect

Canopy: broadly columnar

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Pinophyta
Subdivisio:
Pinophytina
Classis:
Pinopsida
Subclassis:
Pinidae
Ordo:
Pinales

Abies alba is a tree.

Naming

Abies alba was described by Philip Miller in 1768. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Abies alba is the type species of the genus Abies which contains approximately 84 to 93 species and belongs to the family of the Pinaceae (Pine Family).

Characteristics

Abies alba - habitus
Abies alba - bark
Abies alba - needles

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing trees have a broadly columnar canopy and reach heights of 30 to 55 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Abies alba is evergreen. The mid-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are acicular and sessile with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Abies alba produces spikes of erect greenish flowers from May to June. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through the wind.

The trees carry brown cones.

Root System

The plants form shallow roots.

Distribution

Abies alba is native to Central Europe and Southern Europe.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny to shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Uses

Suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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