Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Turcz. ex Stapf
Zizania latifolia, commonly known as water rice, wild rice, is a grass.
Zizania latifolia was already described and the name validly published by August Heinrich Rudolf Grisebach. It was Otto Stapf, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics based on a prior description by Nicolai Stepanowitsch Turczaninow.
The grasses reach heights of 1 to 1,5 metres.
Zizania latifolia has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are linear, entire and have parallel venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Zizania latifolia produces panicles of ligth-yellow flowers from September to October.
The grasses produce caryopses.
Zizania latifolia is native to eastern European Russia, Sibiria, China, Japan, Taiwan, Myanmar and Northeast India.
The grasses prefer a sunny situation. The substrate should have a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18Â°C (USDA zone 7). The planting depth in water is at 5 to 30 centimetres.
The recommended planting distance is 40 to 50 centimetres, the grasses are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.
Maintenance and Propagation
- Remove old leaves in spring to keep plants vigorous.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.
- Zizania latifolia at the United States Department of Agriculture
- [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242355686 Zizania latifoliaes:Zizania latifolia