Zizania latifolia

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Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Turcz. ex Stapf

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   7

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

3D / efe981 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Zizania latifolia, commonly known as water rice, wild rice, is a grass.

Naming

Zizania latifolia was already described and the name validly published by August Heinrich Rudolf Grisebach. It was Otto Stapf, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics based on a prior description by Nicolai Stepanowitsch Turczaninow.

Taxonomy

Zizania latifolia is a species in the genus Zizania which contains approximately 5 to 6 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The grasses reach heights of 1 to 1,5 metres.

Leaves

Zizania latifolia has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are linear, entire and have parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Zizania latifolia produces panicles of ligth-yellow flowers from September to October.

The grasses produce caryopses.

Root System

Distribution

Zizania latifolia is native to eastern European Russia, Sibiria, China, Japan, Taiwan, Myanmar and Northeast India.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation. The substrate should have a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7). The planting depth in water is at 5 to 30 centimetres.

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 40 to 50 centimetres, the grasses are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Remove old leaves in spring to keep plants vigorous.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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