Yucca baccata

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Yucca baccata Torr.

Agavaceae

Life form: shrub

Exposure: sun   9

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: rosette
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: not specified

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Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: pendant

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Yucca baccata, commonly known as banana yucca, is a succulent shrub.

Naming

Yucca baccata was described by John Torrey in 1858. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Yucca baccata is a species in the genus Yucca which contains approximately 57 to 97 species and belongs to the family of the Agavaceae (Century-plant Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively short-lived shrubs have a erect habit and produce multiple stems. They reach heights of 90 to 120 centimetres and spread slowly. The main growing season is from spring to fall.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Yucca baccata is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are in rosettes. They are lanceolate. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Yucca baccata produces showy panicles of pendant, white campanulate flowers from May to June.

In summer the shrubs carry an abundance of ornamental fruits.

Root System

Distribution

Yucca baccata is native to the Rocky Mountains and the Southwest of the US.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay and comparatively poor with a pH between 7 and 8,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 15 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -7°C (USDA zone 9) and need a frost-free period of at least 16 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: soil salinity, anaerobic soil
  • high: drought, calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Yucca baccata lies especially in the attractive autumn aspect. The recommended planting distance is 1,2 metre.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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