Yucca baccata Torr.
Yucca baccata, commonly known as banana yucca, is a succulent shrub.
Yucca baccata was described by John Torrey in 1858. The name is considered as validly published.
The comparatively short-lived shrubs have a erect habit and produce multiple stems. They reach heights of 90 to 120 centimetres and spread slowly. The main growing season is from spring to fall.
Wood and Bark
Yucca baccata is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are in rosettes. They are lanceolate. The foliage is porous.
Flowers and Fruits
Yucca baccata produces showy panicles of pendant, white campanulate flowers from May to June.
In summer the shrubs carry an abundance of ornamental fruits.
Yucca baccata is native to the Rocky Mountains and the Southwest of the US.
The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay and comparatively poor with a pH between 7 and 8,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 15 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -7Â°C (USDA zone 9) and need a frost-free period of at least 16 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: soil salinity, anaerobic soil
- high: drought, calcareous soil
The ornamental value of Yucca baccata lies especially in the attractive autumn aspect. The recommended planting distance is 1,2 metre.
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.