Santolina chamaecyparissus

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Santolina chamaecyparissus L.

Asteraceae

Life form: subshrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape:

Division: simple

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales
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Santolina chamaecyparissus, commonly known as cotton lavender, lavender-cotton, is a subshrub.

Naming

Santolina chamaecyparissus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Santolina chamaecyparissus is a species in the genus Santolina which contains approximately 17 to 84 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family).

Characteristics

Santolina chamaecyparissus - habitus
Santolina chamaecyparissus - flowers

Growth

The subshrubs are comparatively fast-growing and reach heights of 20 to 50 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is grey.

Leaves

Santolina chamaecyparissus is evergreen. The mid-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are , entire and petiolate. The leaves are around 30 to 40 centimetres large and have a glabrous surface.

Flowers and Fruits

Santolina chamaecyparissus produces solitary yellow many-stellate flowers from May to August.

In autumn the subshrubs carry achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Santolina chamaecyparissus is native to Tunesia, Algeria, Morocco, France, the Balkan Peninsula, the Apennine Peninsula and the Iberian Peninsula.

Cultivation

The subshrubs prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • flower beds (rich soil)

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought

Uses

Santolina chamaecyparissus is considered a very valuable wild perennial. The ornamental value lies especially in its fragrance and the ornamental leaves. The recommended planting distance is 40 centimetres, the subshrubs are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for rockeries, roof greening, hedges and for beds and borders, as well as suited as cemetery plant, container plant and as slope plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Winter protection may be necessary.
  • Cut back after flowering.

Propagate by sowing or by cuttings.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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