Santolina chamaecyparissus L.
Santolina chamaecyparissus, commonly known as cotton lavender, lavender-cotton, is a subshrub.
Santolina chamaecyparissus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The subshrubs are comparatively fast-growing and reach heights of 20 to 50 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.
Wood and Bark
The bark is grey.
Santolina chamaecyparissus is evergreen. The mid-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are , entire and petiolate. The leaves are around 30 to 40 centimetres large and have a glabrous surface.
Flowers and Fruits
Santolina chamaecyparissus produces solitary yellow many-stellate flowers from May to August.
In autumn the subshrubs carry achenes.
Santolina chamaecyparissus is native to Tunesia, Algeria, Morocco, France, the Balkan Peninsula, the Apennine Peninsula and the Iberian Peninsula.
The subshrubs prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -18Â°C (USDA zone 7).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- flower beds (rich soil)
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: drought
Santolina chamaecyparissus is considered a very valuable wild perennial. The ornamental value lies especially in its fragrance and the ornamental leaves. The recommended planting distance is 40 centimetres, the subshrubs are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for rockeries, roof greening, hedges and for beds and borders, as well as suited as cemetery plant, container plant and as slope plant.
Maintenance and Propagation
- Winter protection may be necessary.
- Cut back after flowering.
Propagate by sowing or by cuttings.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.