Rapistrum rugosum

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Rapistrum rugosum (L.) All.

Brassicaceae

Life form: annual or biennial

 

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: oblanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: cruciform
Fruit: not specified

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Violanae
Ordo:
Capparales

Rapistrum rugosum, commonly known as common giant mustard, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Rapistrum rugosum was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Carlo Allioni, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1785.

Taxonomy

Rapistrum rugosum is a species in the genus Rapistrum which contains approximately 2 to 14 species and belongs to the family of the Brassicaceae (Mustard Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 30 to 100 centimetres.

Leaves

Rapistrum rugosum has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are oblanceolate, dentate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Rapistrum rugosum produces racemes of yellow cruciform flowers from June to October.


Root System

Distribution

Rapistrum rugosum is native to the Iberian Peninsula, France, the Apennine Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula, the Crimean Peninsula, Turkey, the Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia and North Africa and is naturalized in the British Isles, in Central Europe, eastern Central Europe and Eastern Europe.

Cultivation

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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