Prunus mahaleb

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Prunus mahaleb L.

Rosaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   5

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: elliptic

Division: simple

    

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: drupe

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: rounded to broadly spreading

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales
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Prunus mahaleb, commonly known as Mahaleb Cherry, St Lucie Cherry, is a tree.

Contents

Naming

Taxonomy

Prunus mahaleb is a species in the genus Prunus which contains approximately 198 to 491 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The trees have a rounded to broadly spreading canopy and reach heights of 8 to 10 metres. The plants reach a width of 3 to 10 metres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is silver-grey to green.

Leaves

Prunus mahaleb is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are elliptic, dentate and petiolate. They turn an attractive yellow in autumn.

Flowers and Fruits

Prunus mahaleb produces racemes of white five-stellate flowers from April to May. The plants flower on older shoots. They are hermaphroditic, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.

The trees produce edible red drupes in summer.

Root System

The plants form deep-reaching roots.

Distribution

Prunus mahaleb is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles and North Europe, Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, the Caucasus, northern Iran, Afghanistan, Central Asia and Morocco and is naturalized in North America.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • high: city climate, road salt

Uses

The ornamental value of Prunus mahaleb lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for windbreaks and soil protection and for noise and dust protection, as well as suited as slope plant, greenery along roads, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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