Pimpinella anisum

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Pimpinella anisum L.

Apiaceae

Life form: annual or biennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade  

Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: reniform

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: achene

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Inflorescence: compound umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Cornidae
Superordo:
Aralianae
Ordo:
Araliales

Pimpinella anisum belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Pimpinella anisum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Common Names

  • common anise
  • aniseed
  • anise

Taxonomy

Pimpinella anisum is a species in the genus Pimpinella which contains approximately 77 to 340 species and belongs to the family of the Apiaceae (Carrot Family).

Characteristics

Pimpinella anisum - habitus

Growth

The plants reach heights of 10 to 50 centimetres.

Leaves

Pimpinella anisum has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are reniform, serrulate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Pimpinella anisum produces compound umbels of white five-stellate flowers from July to August.

The plants produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Pimpinella anisum is native to western Asia and is naturalized in Europe.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or loamy clay soil.

Uses

Suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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