Physalis peruviana L.
Physalis peruviana, commonly known as Cape gooseberry, is a perennial.
Physalis peruviana was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1763. The name is considered as validly published.
The perennials reach heights of 45 to 150 centimetres.
Physalis peruviana is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are opposite. They are ovate, entire and petiolate.
Flowers and Fruits
Physalis peruviana produces solitary yellow funnel-shaped flowers from June to August.
The perennials produce ornamental yellow berries in autumn.
Physalis peruviana is native to Peru and is naturalized in Europe.
The perennials prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -12Â°C (USDA zone 8). The plants prefer a sheltered position.
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- open areas with dry to fresh soil
The perennials are suited for cultivation in a cold house. Suited for conservatories, as well as suited as container plant and as dry flowers.
Maintenance and Propagation
- For healthy growth mulch in spring.
- Cut back by half in autumn.
Propagate by sowing in spring.
All parts except the ripe fruits are toxic. The leaves may irritate the skin
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
Mealy excreta on leaves, flowers or fruits indicate in infestation with caterpillars. Crush eggs, handpick and destroy caterpillars. Also apply insecticide or use biological pest control.
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.