Physalis peruviana

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Physalis peruviana L.

Solanaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   8

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: funnel-shaped
Fruit: berry

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Solananae
Ordo:
Solanales

Physalis peruviana, commonly known as Cape gooseberry, is a perennial.

Naming

Physalis peruviana was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1763. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Physalis peruviana is a species in the genus Physalis which contains approximately 90 to 203 species and belongs to the family of the Solanaceae (Nightshade Family).

Characteristics

Physalis peruviana - flowers
Physalis peruviana - branches
Physalis peruviana - fruits

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 45 to 150 centimetres.

Leaves

Physalis peruviana is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are opposite. They are ovate, entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Physalis peruviana produces solitary yellow funnel-shaped flowers from June to August.

The perennials produce ornamental yellow berries in autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Physalis peruviana is native to Peru and is naturalized in Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8). The plants prefer a sheltered position.

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas with dry to fresh soil

Uses

The perennials are suited for cultivation in a cold house. Suited for conservatories, as well as suited as container plant and as dry flowers.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • For healthy growth mulch in spring.
  • Cut back by half in autumn.

Propagate by sowing in spring.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

All parts except the ripe fruits are toxic. The leaves may irritate the skin

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Mealy excreta on leaves, flowers or fruits indicate in infestation with caterpillars. Crush eggs, handpick and destroy caterpillars. Also apply insecticide or use biological pest control.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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