Phleum alpinum L.
Phleum alpinum, commonly known as Alpine Timothy, Alpine Cat's Tail, is a grass.
The comparatively slow-growing grasses reach heights of 10 to 50 centimetres, they have a erect habit and have an upright habit. The main growing season is in spring and summer.
Phleum alpinum is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.
Flowers and Fruits
Phleum alpinum produces panicles of yellow flowers from July to August.
In summer the grasses carry caryopses.
Phleum alpinum is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, West-Siberia, East Siberia, the Kamtschatka Peninsula, Central Asia, Afghanistan and East Asia and is naturalized in North America, Mexico, Chile, Argentina and Uruguay.
The grasses prefer a half-shady situation on wet soil. They prefer soil with a pH between 5 and 7,5 and need a soil depth of at least 25 centimetres for good growth. They need a frost-free period of at least 13 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: soil salinity
- low: anaerobic soil, drought, calcareous soil
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.