Phleum alpinum

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Phleum alpinum L.

Poaceae

Life form: grass

Exposure: half shade  

Moisture: wet

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Phleum alpinum, commonly known as Alpine Timothy, Alpine Cat's Tail, is a grass.

Naming

Taxonomy

Phleum alpinum is a species in the genus Phleum which contains approximately 17 to 19 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively slow-growing grasses reach heights of 10 to 50 centimetres, they have a erect habit and have an upright habit. The main growing season is in spring and summer.

Leaves

Phleum alpinum is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Phleum alpinum produces panicles of yellow flowers from July to August.

In summer the grasses carry caryopses.

Root System

Distribution

Phleum alpinum is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, West-Siberia, East Siberia, the Kamtschatka Peninsula, Central Asia, Afghanistan and East Asia and is naturalized in North America, Mexico, Chile, Argentina and Uruguay.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a half-shady situation on wet soil. They prefer soil with a pH between 5 and 7,5 and need a soil depth of at least 25 centimetres for good growth. They need a frost-free period of at least 13 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: soil salinity
  • low: anaerobic soil, drought, calcareous soil

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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