Phillyrea latifolia

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Phillyrea latifolia L.

Oleaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   8

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: cruciform
Fruit: drupe

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Inflorescence: cyme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: rounded to broadly spreading

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Oleanae
Ordo:
Oleales
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Phillyrea latifolia is a dense shrub with inconspicuous but pleasantly scented flowers.

Contents

Naming

Taxonomy

Phillyrea latifolia is a species in the genus Phillyrea which contains approximately 2 to 4 species and belongs to the family of the Oleaceae (Olive Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 7 to 9 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Phillyrea latifolia is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are opposite. They are lanceolate, crenate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Phillyrea latifolia produces cymes of white cruciform flowers in May. The plants are dioecious.

The shrubs carry blue drupes.

Root System

Distribution

Phillyrea latifolia is native to Libya, Northwest Africa, the Eastern Mediterranean, Turkey, France, the Iberian Peninsula, the Apennine Peninsula and the Balkan Peninsula.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy and comparatively rich. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8). The plants prefer a sheltered position.

Uses

The ornamental value of Phillyrea latifolia lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for woodland gardens and for shrub borders, as well as suited as specimen plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Remove withered flowers if no fruit set is desired.
  • Lightly cut back all shoots after flowering. Remove crossing shoots late in winter or in early spring to promote healthy growth.

Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in summer. Root in a heated propagation bed.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Honeydew and sooty mould indicate an infestation with whiteflies. The larvae look like those of mealy bugs, the adults suck sap on the undersides of the leaves. Apply insecticide, under glass control biologically.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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