Phillyrea latifolia L.
Phillyrea latifolia is a dense shrub with inconspicuous but pleasantly scented flowers.
The shrubs reach heights of 7 to 9 metres.
Wood and Bark
Phillyrea latifolia is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are opposite. They are lanceolate, crenate and petiolate.
Flowers and Fruits
Phillyrea latifolia produces cymes of white cruciform flowers in May. The plants are dioecious.
The shrubs carry blue drupes.
Phillyrea latifolia is native to Libya, Northwest Africa, the Eastern Mediterranean, Turkey, France, the Iberian Peninsula, the Apennine Peninsula and the Balkan Peninsula.
The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy and comparatively rich. They tolerate temperatures down to -12Â°C (USDA zone 8). The plants prefer a sheltered position.
The ornamental value of Phillyrea latifolia lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for woodland gardens and for shrub borders, as well as suited as specimen plant.
Maintenance and Propagation
- Remove withered flowers if no fruit set is desired.
- Lightly cut back all shoots after flowering. Remove crossing shoots late in winter or in early spring to promote healthy growth.
Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in summer. Root in a heated propagation bed.
Pests and Diseases
Honeydew and sooty mould indicate an infestation with whiteflies. The larvae look like those of mealy bugs, the adults suck sap on the undersides of the leaves. Apply insecticide, under glass control biologically.
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.