Paronychia kapela subsp. serpyllifolia

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Paronychia kapela subsp. serpyllifolia (Chaix) Graebn.

Caryophyllaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty-sandy

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: achene

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: cyme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: mat-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Caryophyllidae
Superordo:
Caryophyllanae
Ordo:
Caryophyllales
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Paronychia kapela subsp. serpyllifolia (= Paronychia serpyllifolia), commonly known als silver nailwort, is a perennial with tiny papery flowers.

Contents

Naming

Paronychia kapela subsp. serpyllifolia was already described and the name validly published by Dominique Chaix. It was not until 1919, however, that Karl Otto Robert Peter Paul Graebner reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics.

Taxonomy

Paronychia kapela subsp. serpyllifolia is a subspecies in the genus Paronychia (nailwort) which contains ca. 110 species and belongs to the family of the Caryophyllaceae (Pink Family).

Characteristics

Paronychia kapela subsp. serpyllifolia - leaves
Paronychia kapela subsp. serpyllifolia - flower
Paronychia kapela subsp. serpyllifolia - flower

Growth

The slow growing perennials grow to a height of approximately five centimetres and develop as mats. They are very robust and long lived.

Leaves

Paronychia kapela subsp. serpyllifolia is an evergreen plant with simple leaves. The leaves are arranged alternately along the stems. The leaves are bluish green to dark green and lanceolate to ovate with entire margins. They turn reddish brown to orange in autumn and winter.

Flowers and Fruit

The tiny flowers are yellow and inconspicuous. What makes the plants decorative are the silvery white bracts that have a silky, translucent texture. The flowers are arranged in cymes and appear in May and June.

The fruits are achenes.

Distribution

Paronychia kapela subsp. serpyllifolia is native to the French Pyrenees, to the French and Italian Southwest Alps, to Morocco and Algeria.

Cultivation

Paronychia kapela subsp. serpyllifolia prefers a sunny site and can withstand temperatures down to -17,7º C. It grows best in sandy-gritty soil that is dry to moderately moist.

Uses

Well suited for rockeries, dry steppes, stone gaps and mural crowns. Its low maintenance needs also make it a good plant for roof greening. The plants are shown to best advantage in groups of three to ten specimens. They should be planted at 15 to 20 centimetres of each other.

Maintenance

Remove brown leaves in spring.

Easily propagated by dividing in spring.

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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