Meum athamanticum

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Meum athamanticum Jacq.

Apiaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: moderately moist

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: tripinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: achene

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Inflorescence: compound umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Cornidae
Superordo:
Aralianae
Ordo:
Araliales

Meum athamanticum is a perennial.

Naming

Meum athamanticum was described by François Alexandre Pierre de Garsault. The name is considered as validly published.

Common Names

  • bearwort
  • spignel
  • baldmoney

Taxonomy

Meum athamanticum is the type species of the genus Meum which contains approximately 1 to 17 species and belongs to the family of the Apiaceae (Carrot Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 20 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Meum athamanticum is deciduous. The green, tripinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are linear.

Flowers and Fruits

Meum athamanticum produces compound umbels of white five-stellate flowers from May to August.

The perennials produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Meum athamanticum is native to to the mountain regions of Europe with the exception of North Europe and eastern Central Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should have a pH between 4 and 6. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas
  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)

Uses

The ornamental value of Meum athamanticum lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for rockeries, as well as suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Cut back in autumn. Cut back after flowering to prevent self-seeding.

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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