Magnolia virginiana

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Magnolia virginiana L.

Magnoliaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade   6

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: follicle

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: erect

Canopy: broadly conical

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Magnoliopsida
Subclassis:
Magnoliidae
Superordo:
Magnolianae
Ordo:
Magnoliales

Magnolia virginiana, commonly known as Laurel Magnolia, Sweet Bay, is a shrub.

Naming

Magnolia virginiana was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Magnolia virginiana is a species in the genus Magnolia which contains approximately 267 to 297 species and belongs to the family of the Magnoliaceae (Magnolia Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively short-lived shrubs produce a single stem and reach heights of 7 to 9 metres. The main growing season is in spring and summer.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Magnolia virginiana is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate and petiolate with entire margins and pinnate venation. The surface of the leaves is leathery.

Flowers and Fruits

Magnolia virginiana produces showy solitary erect, white cup-shaped flowers from May to June. The plants are hermaphroditic.

The shrubs produce ornamental red follicles from summer to autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Magnolia virginiana is native to the Northeast of the US, the southern Prairie States of the US, the Southeast of the US and Florida.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. They prefer sandy loam with a pH between 5 and 6,9. The plants need a soil depth of at least 76 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6) and need a frost-free period of at least 26 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: soil salinity, drought, calcareous soil
  • low: anaerobic soil
  • high: city climate

Uses

The ornamental value of Magnolia virginiana lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 2 to 3,5 metres. From a commercial point of view the shrubs can be used to produce pulpwood. The plants have only low potential for fuelwood production.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.

  • Plants can be cut back down to the trunk (coppicing) as necessary.

Propagate by sowing. The seeds require vernalization. Also by cuttings.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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