Lonicera spinosa

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Lonicera spinosa (Decne.) Jacquem. ex Walp.

Caprifoliaceae

Life form: shrub

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: funnel-shaped
Fruit: berry

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Inflorescence: capituli

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Cornidae
Superordo:
Dipsacanae
Ordo:
Dipsacales

Lonicera spinosa is a shrub with white flowers that develop from purple buds.

Naming

Nicolaus Joseph von Jacquin already described Lonicera spinosa but the name was validly published by Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers in 1843.

Taxonomy

Lonicera spinosa is a species in the genus Lonicera which contains approximately 128 to 432 species and belongs to the family of the Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family). The type species of the genus is Lonicera caprifolia.

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 20 to 60 centimetres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Lonicera spinosa is deciduous. The simple leaves are opposite. They are linear, entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Lonicera spinosa produces capituli of white funnel-shaped flowers from June to July.

The shrubs produce purple berries in autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Lonicera spinosa is native to Afghanistan, Tibet and the Himalaya.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5). The soil should be humous. The plants are less susceptible to an infestation with aphids if they are grown in half shade.

Uses

The ornamental value of Lonicera spinosa lies especially in its fragrance.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Cut back last years flowering shoots to strong buds or healthy young growth after flowering. Remove a quarter of old shoots after flowering if plants need rejuvenation.

Propagate by sowing seed in a cold frame when seeds are ripe or by unripe cuttings in spring.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Lonicera spinosa is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Honeydew, galls and distorted leaves are a sign for an infestation with aphids. Use an insecticide or control biologically , e.g. with parasitic wasps or predators such as Aphidoletes aphidimyza.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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