Justicia adhatoda

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Justicia adhatoda L.

Acanthaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade   10

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: tubular
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

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Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Lamianae
Ordo:
Scrophulariales
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Justicia adhatoda is a shrub.

Contents

Naming

Justicia adhatoda was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Justicia adhatoda is a species in the genus Justicia which contains approximately 389 to 1163 species and belongs to the family of the Acanthaceae (Acanthus Family). The type species of the genus is Justicia hyssopifolia.

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 3 to 4 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Justicia adhatoda is evergreen. The simple leaves are opposite. They are ovate, entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Justicia adhatoda produces spikes of white tubular flowers from January to March.

In summer the shrubs carry loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Justicia adhatoda is native to South India and Sri Lanka.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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