Juncus triglumis

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Juncus triglumis L.

Juncaceae

Life form: grass

Exposure: sun  

Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

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Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Juncanae
Ordo:
Juncales

Juncus triglumis is a grass.

Naming

Juncus triglumis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Juncus triglumis is a species in the genus Juncus which contains approximately 392 to 426 species and belongs to the family of the Juncaceae (Rush Family). The type species of the genus is Juncus acutus.

Characteristics

Growth

The grasses reach heights of 3 to 35 centimetres, they have a erect habit and have an upright habit. The main growing season is in spring and summer.

Leaves

Juncus triglumis is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Juncus triglumis produces solitary white six-stellate flowers from July to August.

The grasses produce only few brown loculicidal capsules in summer.

Root System

Distribution

Juncus triglumis is native to the whole of Europe, the Caucasus, West-Siberia, East Siberia and Central Asia.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. They prefer loamy, clay or loamy clay soil with a pH between 6 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 20 centimetres for good growth. They need a frost-free period of at least 19 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: soil salinity
  • low: drought
  • medium: calcareous soil
  • high: anaerobic soil

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 60 to 90 centimetres.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing in spring or by division in spring or in early summer.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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