Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton
Jasminum sambac, commonly known as Arabian jasmine, is a bushy climber with glossy dark-green leaves.
Jasminum sambac was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Daniel Carl Solander, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1789.
Jasminum sambac is a species in the genus Jasminum which contains approximately 217 to 229 species and belongs to the family of the Oleaceae (Olive Family). The type species of the genus is Jasminum officinale.
The climbers reach heights of 2 to 3 metres.
Jasminum sambac is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are opposite. They are elliptic, entire and petiolate.
Flowers and Fruits
Jasminum sambac produces cymes of white salverform flowers from March to October.
The climbers carry purple berries.
Jasminum sambac is native to India and Sri Lanka.
The climbers prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy loam. They tolerate temperatures down to -7Â°C (USDA zone 9). Under glass use loamy potting compost.
In summer the plants prefer protection from hot midday sun.
The ornamental value of Jasminum sambac lies especially in its fragrance. The climbers are suited for cultivation in a cold house. Suited for conservatories.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually need very little maintenance.
- For healthy growth apply a liquid fertilizer low in nitrogen monthly during growth.
- Water freely in summer, give little water in winter.
Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in summer.
Pests and Diseases
Honeydew, galls and distorted leaves are a sign for an infestation with aphids. Use an insecticide or control biologically , e.g. with parasitic wasps or predators such as Aphidoletes aphidimyza.
Waxy fibres and honeydew on leaves and shoots indicate an infestation with mealybugs. Apply insecticide or control biologically with predatory ladybirds.
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.