Iberis amara

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Iberis amara L.

Brassicaceae

Life form: annual or biennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: spatulate

Division: simple

Shape: cruciform
Fruit: silicle

63D / e981ab 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Violanae
Ordo:
Capparales

Iberis amara, commonly known as Wild Candytuft, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Iberis amara was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Iberis amara is a species in the genus Iberis which contains approximately 35 to 62 species and belongs to the family of the Brassicaceae (Mustard Family). The type species of the genus is Iberis semperflorens.

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 10 to 40 centimetres.

Leaves

Iberis amara has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are spatulate, dentate and sessile.

Flowers and Fruits

Iberis amara produces racemes of pink cruciform flowers from May to August.

The plants produce silicles.

Root System

Distribution

Iberis amara is native to the British Isles, France, Italy, Central Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus and Algeria and is naturalized in eastern Central Europe, Eastern Europe and New Zealand.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Uses

Suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Iberis amara is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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