Hymenocallis speciosa

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Hymenocallis speciosa (L.f.) Salisb.

Amaryllidaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   10

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: funnel-shaped
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

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Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Hymenocallis speciosa, commonly known as spider lily, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Hymenocallis speciosa was already described and the name validly published by Richard Anthony Salisbury based on a prior description by Carl Linnaeus. It was Richard Anthony Salisbury, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .

Taxonomy

Hymenocallis speciosa is a species in the genus Hymenocallis which contains approximately 75 to 84 species and belongs to the family of the Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 35 to 45 centimetres.

Leaves

Hymenocallis speciosa is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Hymenocallis speciosa produces umbels of white funnel-shaped flowers from September to November.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Hymenocallis speciosa is native to the West Indies.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

The ornamental value of Hymenocallis speciosa lies especially in its fragrance.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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