Hyacinthoides hispanica (Mill.) Rothm.
Hyacinthoides hispanica, commonly known as Spanish bluebell, Hispanic hyacinthoides, is a robust bulbous plant that spreads freely.
Hyacinthoides hispanica was already described and the name validly published by Philip Miller. It was Werner Hugo Paul Rothmaler, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1944.
The plants reach heights of 20 to 40 centimetres.
Hyacinthoides hispanica is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are basal. They are lanceolate with entire margins.
Flowers and Fruits
Hyacinthoides hispanica produces racemes of erect, light blue campanulate flowers in May.
The plants produce loculicidal capsules.
Hyacinthoides hispanica is native to the Iberian Peninsula and is naturalized in the British Isles, in France, Italy and the western regions of the Balkan Peninsula.
The plants prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18Â°C (USDA zone 7).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber:
- woods (soil usually rich in organic material)
The recommended planting distance is 5 to 15 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 15. Suited for naturalizing and for nature gardens, as well as suited as container plant and as cut flowers.
Maintenance and Propagation
- Aboveground parts of the plant die back in early summer.
- Spreading by bulbils.
- Spreading by self-seeding.
- Remove withered flowers if no self-seeding is desired.
- The leaves should be left on the plants after flowering so that they can gather strength for the following year.
- Plant in autumn 8 centimetres deep.
Propagate by sowing seed in a cold frame when seeds are ripe or by layering in summer.
All plant parts are toxic and may cause serious discomfort if consumed. All plant parts may irritate the skin.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.