Hyacinthoides hispanica

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Hyacinthoides hispanica (Mill.) Rothm.

Asparagaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   7

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

V

100D / 9d9ee6 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: erect

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Asparagales
[Modify]   [Versions]

Hyacinthoides hispanica, commonly known as Spanish bluebell, Hispanic hyacinthoides, is a robust bulbous plant that spreads freely.

Naming

Hyacinthoides hispanica was already described and the name validly published by Philip Miller. It was Werner Hugo Paul Rothmaler, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1944.

Taxonomy

Hyacinthoides hispanica is a species in the genus Hyacinthoides which contains approximately 11 to 12 species and belongs to the family of the Hyacinthaceae (Hyacinth Family).

Characteristics

Hyacinthoides hispanica - habitus
Hyacinthoides hispanica - flowers

Growth

The plants reach heights of 20 to 40 centimetres.

Leaves

Hyacinthoides hispanica is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are basal. They are lanceolate with entire margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Hyacinthoides hispanica produces racemes of erect, light blue campanulate flowers in May.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Hyacinthoides hispanica is native to the Iberian Peninsula and is naturalized in the British Isles, in France, Italy and the western regions of the Balkan Peninsula.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber:

  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 5 to 15 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 15. Suited for naturalizing and for nature gardens, as well as suited as container plant and as cut flowers.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Aboveground parts of the plant die back in early summer.
  • Spreading by bulbils.
  • Spreading by self-seeding.
  • Remove withered flowers if no self-seeding is desired.
  • The leaves should be left on the plants after flowering so that they can gather strength for the following year.
  • Plant in autumn 8 centimetres deep.

Propagate by sowing seed in a cold frame when seeds are ripe or by layering in summer.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

All plant parts are toxic and may cause serious discomfort if consumed. All plant parts may irritate the skin.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

This might also interest you

Commercial Links