Guzmania musaica

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Guzmania musaica Mez

Bromeliaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   10

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: tubular
Fruit: septicidal capsule

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Bromelianae
Ordo:
Bromeliales
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Guzmania musaica is a perennial.

Contents

Naming

Guzmania musaica was already described and the name validly published by Jean Jules Linden and Édouard-François André. It was Carl Christian Mez, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1896.

Taxonomy

Guzmania musaica is a species in the genus Guzmania which contains approximately 215 to 226 species and belongs to the family of the Bromeliaceae (Bromeliad Family).

Characteristics

Guzmania musaica - inflorescence

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 20 to 40 centimetres.

Leaves

Guzmania musaica is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear and sessile with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Guzmania musaica produces spikes of yellow tubular flowers from June to August.

The perennials produce septicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Guzmania musaica is native to Colombia and Panama.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10). When cultivated as an epiphyte the plants are mounted on a piece of bark or a branch (e.g. Taxus or Thuja) and the roots are wrapped in Sphagnum moss.. Under glass use a mixture of bark chaff, leaf mulch and sharp sand.

In summer the plants prefer protection from hot midday sun.

Uses

The perennials are suited for cultivation in a hot house. Suited as indoor plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • For healthy growth apply orchid fertilizer monthly during growth.
  • Water moderately and mist regularly in summer, when grown as an epiphyte misting daily usually is sufficient. Outside the flowering period the rosette should be kept filled with water. Change water every 3 to 4 weeks to keep it from rotting, use soft water.

Propagate by rooting plantlets.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Waxy fibres and honeydew on leaves and shoots indicate an infestation with mealybugs. Apply insecticide or control biologically with predatory ladybirds.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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