Gladiolus grandiflorus

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Gladiolus grandiflorus Andrews

Iridaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber

Exposure: sun   8

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: funnel-shaped
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Iridales

Gladiolus grandiflorus belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Gladiolus grandiflorus was described by Henry Charles Andrews. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Gladiolus grandiflorus is a species in the genus Gladiolus which contains approximately 284 to 322 species and belongs to the family of the Iridaceae (Iris Family). The type species of the genus is Gladiolus communis.

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 60 to 180 centimetres.

Leaves

Gladiolus grandiflorus has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are lanceolate, entire and have parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Gladiolus grandiflorus produces spikes of funnel-shaped flowers from April to May.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Gladiolus grandiflorus is native to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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