Fragaria vesca L.
Fragaria vesca, commonly known as Wild Strawberry, Alpine Strawberry, is a perennial.
Fragaria vesca was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The perennials have a mat-forming habit and reach heights of 5 to 30 centimetres.
Fragaria vesca is deciduous. The green, ternate leaves are alternate. The obovate leaflets are serrate and petiolate.
Flowers and Fruits
Fragaria vesca produces cymes of white five-stellate flowers from April to June.
The perennials carry red accessory fruits that are both edible and ornamental.
Fragaria vesca is native to the whole of Europe, the Caucasus, West-Siberia, East Siberia, Central Asia and North Afrika.
The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy loam with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- open areas
- woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
- woods (soil usually rich in organic material)
The recommended planting distance is 20 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 10 to more than 15. Suited for roof greening, as well as suited as groundcover and as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
- Remove runners if no spreading is desired.
Propagate by sowing or by division.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.
- Fragaria vesca at the United States Department of Agriculture
- [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200010863 Fragaria vescaes:Fragaria vesca