Fragaria vesca

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Fragaria vesca L.

Rosaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: obovate

Division: ternate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: receptacle

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: cyme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: mat-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales

Fragaria vesca, commonly known as Wild Strawberry, Alpine Strawberry, is a perennial.

Naming

Fragaria vesca was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Fragaria vesca is a species in the genus Fragaria which contains approximately 31 to 59 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Fragaria vesca - habitus
Fragaria vesca - flowers
Fragaria vesca - fruits

Growth

The perennials have a mat-forming habit and reach heights of 5 to 30 centimetres.

Leaves

Fragaria vesca is deciduous. The green, ternate leaves are alternate. The obovate leaflets are serrate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Fragaria vesca produces cymes of white five-stellate flowers from April to June.

The perennials carry red accessory fruits that are both edible and ornamental.

Root System

Distribution

Fragaria vesca is native to the whole of Europe, the Caucasus, West-Siberia, East Siberia, Central Asia and North Afrika.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy loam with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas
  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 20 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 10 to more than 15. Suited for roof greening, as well as suited as groundcover and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Remove runners if no spreading is desired.

Propagate by sowing or by division.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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