Elymus hispidus (Opiz) Melderis
Elymus hispidus is a grass.
Elymus hispidus was already described and the name validly published by Philipp Maximilian Opiz. It was Aleksandre Melderis, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1978.
The comparatively fast-growing and short-lived grasses have a erect habit and reach heights of 40 to 80 centimetres. The main growing season is from spring to fall.
Elymus hispidus has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are linear, entire and have parallel venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Elymus hispidus produces flowers that are arranged in spikes from June to July.
From spring to summer the grasses carry an abundance of caryopses.
The plants produce rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.
Elymus hispidus is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles and North Europe, Turkey, northern Iraq, the Caucasus, Iran, Pakistan and Central Asia.
The grasses prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. They prefer sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 5,6 and 8,4. The plants need a soil depth of at least 41 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 13 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- low: anaerobic soil
- medium: soil salinity, drought
- high: calcareous soil
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.