Eleocharis dulcis

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Eleocharis dulcis Hensch.

Cyperaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   9

Moisture: moist

Arrangement: basal
Leaves:

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: nut

8A / ffd534 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Juncanae
Ordo:
Cyperales

Eleocharis dulcis, commonly known as Chinese water chestnut, water chestnut, is a grass.

Naming

Eleocharis dulcis was already described and the name validly published by Nicolaas Laurens Burman. It was August Wilhelm Eduard Theodor Henschel, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1833 based on a prior description by Carl Bernhard von Trinius.

Taxonomy

Eleocharis dulcis is a species in the genus Eleocharis which contains approximately 285 to 306 species and belongs to the family of the Cyperaceae (Sedge Family).

Characteristics

Eleocharis dulcis - habitus
Eleocharis dulcis - bulbs

Growth

The grasses reach heights of 15 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Eleocharis dulcis has simple leaves that are basal. The leaves are linear, entire and have parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Eleocharis dulcis produces spikes of yellow flowers.

The grasses produce nuts.

Root System

Distribution

Eleocharis dulcis is native to tropical Africa, Madagascar and the Comoros, India, tropical East Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -7°C (USDA zone 9).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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