Duchesnea indica

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Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke

Rosaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   6

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: clay - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: elliptic

Division: ternate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: receptacle

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales

Duchesnea indica is a perennial.

Naming

Duchesnea indica was already described and the name validly published by Henry Charles Andrews. It was Wilhelm Olbers Focke, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .

Taxonomy

Duchesnea indica is a species in the genus Duchesnea which contains approximately 2 to 5 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Duchesnea indica - leaves
Duchesnea indica - fruits

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 5 to 10 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 20 to 50 centimetres.

Leaves

Duchesnea indica is evergreen. The green to dark-green, ternate leaves are alternate. The elliptic leaflets are crenate and petiolate. The leaves are around 5 centimetres large.

Flowers and Fruits

Duchesnea indica produces solitary yellow five-stellate flowers from May to September.

From summer to autumn the perennials produce red accessory fruits that are both edible and very ornamental.

Root System

Distribution

Duchesnea indica is native to India, China and Japan and is naturalized in the US and Southern Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady to shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay soil with a pH between 5 and 6,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6). In winter the plants prefer bright light.

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: waterlogging, draught

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 10 to more than 15. Suited for roof greening, hanging baskets, balconies and terraces and for conservatories, as well as suited as groundcover and as slope plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • If possible the plants should not be transplanted.
  • For healthy growth weekly during growth.
  • temperature in winter should be 10°C.

Propagate by sowing or by division.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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