Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke
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Duchesnea indica is a perennial.
Duchesnea indica was already described and the name validly published by Henry Charles Andrews. It was Wilhelm Olbers Focke, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .
The perennials reach heights of 5 to 10 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 20 to 50 centimetres.
Duchesnea indica is evergreen. The green to dark-green, ternate leaves are alternate. The elliptic leaflets are crenate and petiolate. The leaves are around 5 centimetres large.
Flowers and Fruits
Duchesnea indica produces solitary yellow five-stellate flowers from May to September.
From summer to autumn the perennials produce red accessory fruits that are both edible and very ornamental.
Duchesnea indica is native to India, China and Japan and is naturalized in the US and Southern Europe.
The perennials prefer a half-shady to shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay soil with a pH between 5 and 6,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -23Â°C (USDA zone 6). In winter the plants prefer bright light.
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
- woods (soil usually rich in organic material)
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: waterlogging, draught
The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 10 to more than 15. Suited for roof greening, hanging baskets, balconies and terraces and for conservatories, as well as suited as groundcover and as slope plant.
Maintenance and Propagation
- If possible the plants should not be transplanted.
- For healthy growth weekly during growth.
- temperature in winter should be 10Â°C.
Propagate by sowing or by division.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.