Dolichandra unguis-cati

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) A.H.Gentry

Bignoniaceae

Life form: climber
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   10

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: lanceolate

Division: paripinnate

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: septicidal capsule

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Lamianae
Ordo:
Scrophulariales
[Modify]   [Versions]

Dolichandra unguis-cati is a climber.

Contents

Naming

Dolichandra unguis-cati was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Lúcia Garcez Lohmann, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 2008.

Taxonomy

Dolichandra unguis-cati is a species in the genus Dolichandra which contains 8 species and belongs to the family of the Bignoniaceae (Trumpet-creeper Family).

Characteristics

Dolichandra unguis-cati - leaves
Dolichandra unguis-cati - flowers

Growth

The climbers reach heights of 6 to 10 metres.

Leaves

Dolichandra unguis-cati is evergreen. The dark-green, paripinnate leaves are opposite. The lanceolate leaflets are entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Dolichandra unguis-cati produces solitary yellow campanulate flowers from April to May.

The climbers produce septicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Dolichandra unguis-cati is native to Mexico, Guatemala and Argentina.

Cultivation

The climbers prefer a sunny situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be loamy or sandy-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10). Under glass use loamy potting compost.

In summer the plants prefer protection from hot midday sun.

Uses

The climbers are suited for cultivation in a temperate house.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • For healthy growth apply a compound fertilizer monthly during growth.
  • Water freely in summer, give little water in winter.

Propagate by sowing when seeds are ripe or in spring at 20 °C. Also by semi-ripe cuttings in summer. Root in a heated propagation bed.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Fine webs on the plants indicate an infestation with red spider mites. These sap-sucking insects mainly appear under glass and can be controlled either with insecticide or biologically with parasitic mites.

Honeydew and sooty mould indicate an infestation with whiteflies. The larvae look like those of mealy bugs, the adults suck sap on the undersides of the leaves. Apply insecticide, under glass control biologically.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

Commercial Links

Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox
Advertising
In other languages