Dioscorea balcanica

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Dioscorea balcanica

Dioscoreaceae

Life form: climber

Exposure: sun   6

Moisture: dry

Soil: gritty-sandy

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: cordate

Division: simple

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Dioscoreanae
Ordo:
Dioscoreales

Dioscorea balcanica is a climber.

Naming

Dioscorea balcanica was described by Nedelyko Košanin in 1914. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Dioscorea balcanica is a species in the genus Dioscorea which contains approximately 622 to 652 species and belongs to the family of the Dioscoreaceae (Yam Family). The type species of the genus is Dioscorea sativa.

Characteristics

Dioscorea balcanica - fruits

Growth

The climbers reach heights of 2 to 5 metres.

Leaves

Dioscorea balcanica has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are cordate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Dioscorea balcanica produces cup-shaped flowers that are arranged in racemes.

The climbers produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Dioscorea balcanica is native to Yugoslavia (Serbia, Montenegro) and North Albania.

Cultivation

The climbers prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. The substrate should be gritty-sandy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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