Dianthus caryophyllus L.
Dianthus caryophyllus, commonly known as Carnation, Gilly Flower, is a perennial.
Dianthus caryophyllus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 60 to 80 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.
Dianthus caryophyllus is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are decussate. They are lanceolate with entire margins. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.
Flowers and Fruits
Dianthus caryophyllus produces cymes of purple five-stellate flowers from July to August. The plants are hermaphroditic.
The perennials produce fruits in autumn.
Dianthus caryophyllus is native to Italy, Greece, Sicily and Malta and Sardinia and is naturalized in France.
The perennials prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 8 and 9,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18Â°C (USDA zone 7).
The ornamental value of Dianthus caryophyllus lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for cottage gardens, rockeries and for beds and borders, as well as suited as container plant and as cut flowers.
Maintenance and Propagation
Pests and Diseases
Honeydew, galls and distorted leaves are a sign for an infestation with aphids. Use an insecticide or control biologically , e.g. with parasitic wasps or predators such as Aphidoletes aphidimyza.
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.