Dianthus caryophyllus

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Dianthus caryophyllus L.

Caryophyllaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: decussate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: not specified

68D / de96d4 

Inflorescence: cyme

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Caryophyllidae
Superordo:
Caryophyllanae
Ordo:
Caryophyllales
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Dianthus caryophyllus, commonly known as Carnation, Gilly Flower, is a perennial.

Contents

Naming

Dianthus caryophyllus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Dianthus caryophyllus is the type species of the genus Dianthus which contains approximately 435 to 658 species and belongs to the family of the Caryophyllaceae (Pink Family).

Characteristics

Dianthus caryophyllus - flowers

Growth

The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 60 to 80 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Dianthus caryophyllus is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are decussate. They are lanceolate with entire margins. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.

Flowers and Fruits

Dianthus caryophyllus produces cymes of purple five-stellate flowers from July to August. The plants are hermaphroditic.

The perennials produce fruits in autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Dianthus caryophyllus is native to Italy, Greece, Sicily and Malta and Sardinia and is naturalized in France.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 8 and 9,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Uses

The ornamental value of Dianthus caryophyllus lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for cottage gardens, rockeries and for beds and borders, as well as suited as container plant and as cut flowers.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Honeydew, galls and distorted leaves are a sign for an infestation with aphids. Use an insecticide or control biologically , e.g. with parasitic wasps or predators such as Aphidoletes aphidimyza.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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