Datura metel L.
Datura metel, commonly known as Downy Thorn Apple, Horn of Plenty, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.
Datura metel was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Datura metel is a species in the genus Datura which contains approximately 13 to 33 species and belongs to the family of the Solanaceae (Nightshade Family). The type species of the genus is Datura stramonium.
The plants reach heights of 50 to 150 centimetres.
Datura metel is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate, entire and petiolate.
Flowers and Fruits
Datura metel produces solitary white funnel-shaped flowers from June to July.
Datura metel is native to tropical Africa and tropical Asia and is naturalized in the tropics and the Subtropics.
The plants prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -7Â°C (USDA zone 9).
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: drought
The ornamental value of Datura metel lies especially in its fragrance.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually need very little maintenance.
Datura metel is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.