Datura metel

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Datura metel L.

Solanaceae

Life form: annual or biennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   9

Moisture: moderately moist

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: funnel-shaped
Fruit: not specified

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Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Solananae
Ordo:
Solanales
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Datura metel, commonly known as Downy Thorn Apple, Horn of Plenty, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Contents

Naming

Datura metel was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Datura metel is a species in the genus Datura which contains approximately 13 to 33 species and belongs to the family of the Solanaceae (Nightshade Family). The type species of the genus is Datura stramonium.

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 50 to 150 centimetres.

Leaves

Datura metel is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate, entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Datura metel produces solitary white funnel-shaped flowers from June to July.


Root System

Distribution

Datura metel is native to tropical Africa and tropical Asia and is naturalized in the tropics and the Subtropics.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -7°C (USDA zone 9).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought

Uses

The ornamental value of Datura metel lies especially in its fragrance.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Poisonousness

Datura metel is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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