Curcuma angustifolia

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Curcuma angustifolia Roxb.

Zingiberaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: half shade   10

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: funnel-shaped
Fruit: not specified

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Zingiberanae
Ordo:
Zingiberales
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Curcuma angustifolia, commonly known as Indian Arrowroot, Bombay Arrowroot, is a perennial.

Contents

Naming

Curcuma angustifolia was described by William Roxburgh. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Curcuma angustifolia is a species in the genus Curcuma which contains approximately 92 to 96 species and belongs to the family of the Zingiberaceae (Ginger Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 1 to 1,5 metres.

Leaves

Curcuma angustifolia is evergreen. The simple leaves are alternate. They are lanceolate and petiolate with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Curcuma angustifolia produces spikes of yellow funnel-shaped flowers from July to August.


Root System

Distribution

Curcuma angustifolia is native to the Himalaya and India.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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