Cupressus sempervirens

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Cupressus sempervirens L.

Cupressaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   8

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: not specified
Leaves: evergreen

Coniferous leaves: scale-like

Division: not specified

Shape: not specified
Fruit: cone

 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: narrowly columnar

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Pinophyta
Subdivisio:
Pinophytina
Classis:
Pinopsida
Subclassis:
Pinidae
Ordo:
Cupressales

Cupressus sempervirens, commonly known as Italian Cypress, is a tree.

Naming

Cupressus sempervirens was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Cupressus sempervirens is a species in the genus Cupressus which contains approximately 28 to 47 species and belongs to the family of the Cupressaceae (Cupress Family).

Characteristics

Cupressus sempervirens - habitus
Cupressus sempervirens - branches
Cupressus sempervirens - fruits

Growth

The trees have a narrowly columnar canopy and reach heights of 25 to 30 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Cupressus sempervirens is evergreen. The leaves are deltoid with entire margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Cupressus sempervirens flowers from February to April. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through the wind.

The trees produce cones.

Root System

Distribution

Cupressus sempervirens is native to western Asia and the Mediterranean.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Uses

The ornamental value of Cupressus sempervirens lies especially in the ornamental leaves. Suited as avenue tree.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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