Crocus sativus

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Crocus sativus L.

Iridaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   6

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty-sandy

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

XI

85D / d4b8e8 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Iridales

Crocus sativus, commonly known as Saffron Crocus, Autumn Crocus, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Crocus sativus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Crocus sativus is the type species of the genus Crocus which contains approximately 121 to 136 species and belongs to the family of the Iridaceae (Iris Family).

Characteristics

Crocus sativus - habitus

Growth

The plants reach heights of 15 to 20 centimetres.

Leaves

Crocus sativus is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear and sessile with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Crocus sativus produces solitary light blue-purple cup-shaped flowers in November.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Crocus sativus is native to : garden origin.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty-sandy soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas
  • rockeries

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 5 to 10 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 15. Suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Plant 10 centimetres deep.

Propagate by bulblets.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Crocus sativus is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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