Crocus sativus L.
Crocus sativus, commonly known as Saffron Crocus, Autumn Crocus, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.
Crocus sativus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The plants reach heights of 15 to 20 centimetres.
Crocus sativus is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear and sessile with entire margins and parallel venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Crocus sativus produces solitary light blue-purple cup-shaped flowers in November.
The plants produce loculicidal capsules.
Crocus sativus is native to : garden origin.
The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty-sandy soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -23Â°C (USDA zone 6).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- open areas
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: drought
The recommended planting distance is 5 to 10 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 15. Suited as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
- Plant 10 centimetres deep.
Propagate by bulblets.
Crocus sativus is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.