Cordyline australis

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Cordyline australis (G.Forst.) Endl.

Dracaenaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   10

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: whorled
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: berry

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Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: single-stemmed palm, cycad, or similar tree

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Asparagales
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Cordyline australis is a tree.

Contents

Naming

Cordyline australis was already described and the name validly published by Johann Georg Adam Forster. It was Stephan Friedrich Ladislaus Endlicher, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1833.

Taxonomy

Cordyline australis is a species in the genus Cordyline which contains approximately 26 to 35 species and belongs to the family of the Dracaenaceae (Dracaena Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The trees have a single-stemmed palmlike habit and reach heights of 3 to 10 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Cordyline australis is evergreen. The moss-green, simple leaves are whorled. They are lanceolate with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Cordyline australis produces panicles of white six-stellate flowers from June to August.

The trees carry white berries.

Root System

Distribution

Cordyline australis is native to New Zealand.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

The ornamental value of Cordyline australis lies especially in its fragrance and the ornamental leaves.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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