Columnea scandens

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Columnea scandens L.

Gesneriaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade   9

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: tubular
Fruit: berry

40C / e7422b 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Lamianae
Ordo:
Scrophulariales
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Columnea scandens is a shrub.

Naming

Columnea scandens was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Columnea scandens is the type species of the genus Columnea which contains approximately 197 to 251 species and belongs to the family of the Gesneriaceae (Gesneriad Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 10 to 15 centimetres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Columnea scandens is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are opposite. They are ovate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Columnea scandens produces solitary salmon-red tubular flowers from March to August.

The shrubs carry white berries.

Root System

Distribution

Columnea scandens is native to Puerto Rico, Venezuela, Hispaniola and the Lesser Antilles.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam. They tolerate temperatures down to -7°C (USDA zone 9).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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