Citrullus lanatus

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Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai

Cucurbitaceae

Life form: annual or biennial

Exposure: sun   9

Moisture: moderately moist

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape:

Division: simple

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: berry

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Violanae
Ordo:
Cucurbitales

Citrullus lanatus belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Citrullus lanatus was already described and the name validly published by Carl Peter Thunberg. It was Jinzô Matsumura and Takenoshin Nakai, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1916.

Taxonomy

Citrullus lanatus is a species in the genus Citrullus which contains approximately 5 to 6 species and belongs to the family of the Cucurbitaceae (Cucumber Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 20 to 50 centimetres.

Leaves

Citrullus lanatus has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are , sinuate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Citrullus lanatus produces solitary yellow campanulate flowers from July to August.

The plants carry edible, ornamental berries.

Root System

Distribution

Citrullus lanatus is native to Namibia.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -7°C (USDA zone 9).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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