Chenopodium berlandieri

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Chenopodium berlandieri Moq.

Chenopodiaceae

Life form: annual or biennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

    

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: nut

149D / d5e1ac 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Caryophyllidae
Superordo:
Caryophyllanae
Ordo:
Caryophyllales

Chenopodium berlandieri belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Chenopodium berlandieri was described by Christian Horace Bénédict Alfred Moquin-Tandon in 1840. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Chenopodium berlandieri is a species in the genus Chenopodium which contains approximately 171 to 316 species and belongs to the family of the Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The plants are comparatively fast-growing and reach heights of 10 to 100 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 0.6 to 1 metres.

Leaves

Chenopodium berlandieri has dark-green, simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are ovate and petiolate, they have entire margins and pinnate venation. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.

Flowers and Fruits

Chenopodium berlandieri produces spikes of light lime-green six-stellate flowers from July to September. The plants are hermaphroditic.

The plants produce black nuts in autumn.

Root System

The plants form tap roots.

Distribution

Chenopodium berlandieri is native to the US and Mexico and is naturalized in Europe.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • high: city climate

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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