Campanula latifolia

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Campanula latifolia L.

Campanulaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   3

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: poricidal capsule

82C / 7b4c9a 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Campanulanae
Ordo:
Campanulales
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Campanula latifolia is a perennial.

Naming

Campanula latifolia was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Campanula latifolia is the type species of the genus Campanula which contains approximately 503 to 622 species and belongs to the family of the Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family).

Characteristics

Campanula latifolia - habitus
Campanula latifolia - flowers

Growth

The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 60 to 150 centimetres.

Leaves

Campanula latifolia is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are lanceolate, dentate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Campanula latifolia produces spikes of purple campanulate flowers from June to August.

The perennials produce poricidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Campanula latifolia is native to the whole of Europe, the Caucasus, Turkey, West-Siberia, Central Asia and the western Himalaya.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy loam with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -40°C (USDA zone 3).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 30 to 40 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited as cut flowers and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

  • Cut back after flowering to prevent self-seeding.

Propagate by sowing or by division.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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