Campanula americana

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Campanula americana L.

Campanulaceae

Life form: annual or biennial

Exposure: shade  

Moisture: moist

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: not specified

98D / 6879ba 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Campanulanae
Ordo:
Campanulales
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Campanula americana belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Contents

Naming

Campanula americana was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Campanula americana is a species in the genus Campanula which contains approximately 503 to 622 species and belongs to the family of the Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family). The type species of the genus is Campanula latifolia.

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing plants reach heights of 60 to 200 centimetres, they have a erect habit and produce a single stem. The main growing season is from spring to fall.

Leaves

Campanula americana is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are lanceolate, serrulate and petiolate. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Campanula americana produces spikes of showy, blue five-stellate flowers from June to September.

The plants produce only few brown fruits from summer to autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Cultivation

The plants prefer a shady situation on moist soil. They prefer soil with a pH between 5,5 and 7,5 and need a soil depth of at least 20 centimetres for good growth. They need a frost-free period of at least 23 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: soil salinity
  • low: drought
  • medium: anaerobic soil, calcareous soil

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 60 to 90 centimetres.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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