Bromus catharticus

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Bromus catharticus Vahl

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   4

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Bromus catharticus is a grass.

Naming

Bromus catharticus was described by Martin Vahl in 1791. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Bromus catharticus is a species in the genus Bromus which contains approximately 177 to 243 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The grasses reach heights of 80 to 100 centimetres and are comparatively fast-growing and short-lived. They have a erect habit and have an upright habit, the main growing season is from fall to spring.

Leaves

Bromus catharticus is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is dense in summer and porous in winter.

Flowers and Fruits

Bromus catharticus produces panicles of yellow flowers from June to November.

The grasses produce an abundance of brown caryopses in spring.

Root System

Distribution

Bromus catharticus is native to South America and is naturalized in the Southeast of the US and Southern Europe.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation. The substrate should be comparatively rich with a pH between 5,5 and 8. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4) and need a frost-free period of at least 11 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: anaerobic soil
  • low: drought
  • medium: soil salinity
  • high: calcareous soil

Uses

Suited as cut flowers.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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