Bouteloua curtipendula

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Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   4

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

200D / 47291f 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Bouteloua curtipendula is a grass.

Naming

Bouteloua curtipendula was already described and the name validly published by André Michaux. It was John Torrey, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1853.

Taxonomy

Bouteloua curtipendula is a species in the genus Bouteloua which contains approximately 35 to 39 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The grasses reach heights of 50 to 80 centimetres.

Leaves

Bouteloua curtipendula is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Bouteloua curtipendula produces racemes of brown flowers from July to September.

The grasses produce caryopses.

Root System

The plants form fibrous roots.

Distribution

Bouteloua curtipendula is native to Ontario, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the Rocky Mountains, the Southeast of the US, the southern Prairie States of the US, California, the Southwest of the US, Mexico and Central America.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. They prefer gritty loam with a pH between 5,5 and 8,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas
  • rockeries
  • steppes/dry forests (usually calcareous soil)

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought
  • low: calcareous soil
  • high: city climate

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 40 centimetres, the grasses are best planted in groups of 3 to 10. Suited as groundcover and as cut flowers.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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