Aquilegia vulgaris

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Aquilegia vulgaris Schur

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: not specified
Leaves: decidious

Shape: not specified

Division: bipinnate

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: follicle

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Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Aquilegia vulgaris is a perennial.

Naming

Aquilegia vulgaris was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Aquilegia vulgaris is the type species of the genus Aquilegia which contains approximately 117 to 141 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family).

Characteristics

Aquilegia vulgaris - habitus
Aquilegia vulgaris - leaves
Aquilegia vulgaris - flowers
Aquilegia vulgaris - fruits
Aquilegia vulgaris - seeds

Growth

The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 80 to 90 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 40 to 80 centimetres.

Leaves

Aquilegia vulgaris is deciduous. The leaves are bipinnate and dark-green. The leaflets are petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Aquilegia vulgaris produces racemes of white campanulate flowers from May to June.

The perennials carry brown follicles.

Root System

Distribution

Aquilegia vulgaris is native to France, Central Europe, Italy, Slovenia, the Alps, the Apennine Mountains and Abruzzo.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • flower beds (rich soil)
  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 10. Suited for cottage gardens, as well as suited as cemetery plant, cut flowers and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.

  • Cut back after flowering.

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Aquilegia vulgaris is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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