Anaphalis margaritacea

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Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth.

Asteraceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   3

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

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Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: fully double
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales

Anaphalis margaritacea is a perennial.

Naming

Anaphalis margaritacea was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was George Bentham and Joseph Dalton Hooker, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1873.

Taxonomy

Anaphalis margaritacea is a species in the genus Anaphalis which contains approximately 126 to 134 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 50 to 60 centimetres and are comparatively fast-growing and short-lived. They have a erect habit, the main growing season is in spring and summer. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Anaphalis margaritacea is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are lanceolate with entire margins. The leaves are around 20 to 30 centimetres large and have a pilose surface. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

From May to July Anaphalis margaritacea produces showy panicles of double, white many-stellate flowers.

The perennials produce an abundance of black achenes from summer to autumn.

Root System

The plants produce rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.

Distribution

Anaphalis margaritacea is native to Alaska, Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the northern Prairie States of the US, the Rocky Mountains, the Southwest of the US, the Northwest of the US, California, Japan and China and is naturalized in Germany and Northern Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. They prefer sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 6 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 15 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -40°C (USDA zone 3) and need a frost-free period of at least 17 weeks.

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • flower beds (rich soil)
  • open areas
  • steppes/dry forests (usually calcareous soil)
  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: soil salinity, anaerobic soil
  • low: calcareous soil
  • medium: drought

Uses

Anaphalis margaritacea is considered a valuable wild perennial. The ornamental value lies especially in the ornamental leaves. The recommended planting distance is 30 to 35 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 10. Suited for moorland gardens, roof greening and for beds and borders, as well as suited as cemetery plant, specimen plant and as cut flowers.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.

Propagation

  • Sowing . The seeds require vernalization.
  • Cuttings
  • Division


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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