Amelanchier lamarckii

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Amelanchier lamarckii F.G.Schroed.

Rosaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: elliptic

Division: simple

                   

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: pome

IV

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Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: single
Habit: erect

Canopy: rounded to broadly spreading

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales
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Amelanchier lamarckii is a shrub.

Contents

Naming

Amelanchier lamarckii was described by Fred-Günter Schroeder. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Amelanchier lamarckii is a species in the genus Amelanchier which contains approximately 21 to 82 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Amelanchier lamarckii - habitus
Amelanchier lamarckii - leaves
Amelanchier lamarckii - flowers
Amelanchier lamarckii - branches
Amelanchier lamarckii - fruits

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 4 to 6 metres. The plants reach a width of 6 to 8 metres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is scaly.

Leaves

Amelanchier lamarckii is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are elliptic and petiolate with serrulate margins and pinnate venation. They turn an attractive yellow, orange, bright orange to red in autumn.

Flowers and Fruits

Amelanchier lamarckii produces racemes of erect, white five-stellate flowers in April. The plants flower on older shoots. They are hermaphroditic, pollination takes places by allogamy.

From summer to autumn the shrubs produce purple pomes that are both edible and very ornamental. The fruits have a aromatic taste.

Root System

The plants form shallow roots.

Distribution

Amelanchier lamarckii is native to eastern North America.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 4 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • high: city climate, road salt

Uses

Suited for moorland gardens, rooftop gardens and for free-growing high hedges, as well as suited as avenue tree, container plant, specimen plant, greenery along roads, a small canopy tree along roads, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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