Alternanthera maritima

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Alternanthera maritima (Mart.) A.St.-Hil.

Amaranthaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade  

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves:

Shape: obovate

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: nut

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Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Caryophyllidae
Superordo:
Caryophyllanae
Ordo:
Caryophyllales
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Alternanthera maritima is a perennial.

Contents

Naming

Alternanthera maritima was already described and the name validly published by Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius. It was Auguste François César Prouvençal de Saint-Hilaire, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1833.

Taxonomy

Alternanthera maritima is a species in the genus Alternanthera which contains approximately 138 to 171 species and belongs to the family of the Amaranthaceae (Amaranth Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of 30 to 200 centimetres.

Leaves

Alternanthera maritima has simple leaves that are opposite. The leaves are obovate, entire and sessile.

Flowers and Fruits

Alternanthera maritima produces spikes of white flowers from February to April.

The perennials produce nuts.

Root System

Distribution

Alternanthera maritima is native to Brazil.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil.

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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